Code of Conduct


Pine Cliff Energy Ltd. and its affiliates (“Pine Cliff” or the “Company”) are committed to maintaining the highest of business standards in our operations, wherever they may be. Our Company recognizes the importance of credibility, integrity and trust to our success as a business.

This Code of Business Conduct and Ethics (the “Code”) is our guide to ethical and lawful conduct for all employees, consultants, officers, and directors (collectively, “Employees” or “you”) of the Company. This Code will help us meet our business practice standards and comply with applicable laws and regulations. Our compliance with both the letter and spirit of this Code is essential to protecting Pine Cliff’s business and reputation. This Code is to be used as guide for appropriate conduct and to prevent improper conduct. Pine Cliff will not tolerate any conduct that is unlawful or damaging to its reputation.

This Code is a general guideline for making certain that:

• A work environment is maintained that promotes the dignity and self-respect of each Employee;
• All Employees are aware of and dully observe the laws and regulations that impact their business activities;
• A standard of behavior is in place that reflects the values and integrity of Pine Cliff and its board of directors (the “Board”), officers, employees and consultants; and
• Policies be adopted to provide as much protection as possible from financial loss and legal liability.

This Code does not replace any other published rules and policies of Pine Cliff, including other work rules and personal conduct policies. While this Code provides guidance and explains what is considered acceptable and unacceptable behavior, the Code does not describe every specific act that is acceptable or unacceptable. Because a specific act is missing from this Code, it does not mean that act is acceptable or condoned. Ultimately, Employees must rely on their judgment about the right thing to do in order to maintain personal and corporate integrity.

Management Responsibilities

Managers must exhibit the highest standards of corporate responsibility and business conduct and create a work atmosphere that supports our values and policies, including this Code. It is the duty of each member of management to take into account an Employee’s willingness and commitment to comply with this Code when making promotion and other employment decisions.

Conflicts of Interest

Employees are not permitted to do anything that does not support the best interests of Pine Cliff.

Activities not permitted include:

• Using Pine Cliff property for his/her own material benefit;
• Influencing Pine Cliff’s contractors or consultants for his/her own personal gain;
• You, or your family members, or friends, acting on business opportunities or investments presented to Pine Cliff, other than for the benefit of Pine Cliff, that are not already available to the public without written permission from outside counsel or the President and Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”);
• Making or recommending decisions for Pine Cliff that might benefit an Employee, his/her family members, or friends financially without first telling senior management that such benefits may result;
• You or your spouse and other dependents, owning a five percent (5%) or more equity interest in any entity that sells supplies, furnishes services, or otherwise does business with Pine Cliff without written permission from the CEO, or in the case of the CEO of the Company, permission will be sought from the Board; and
• You or your spouse and other dependents owning a five percent (5%) or more equity interest in a competitor of the Company without written permission from the CEO, or in the case of the CEO, permission will be sought from the Board.

Before acknowledging compliance to this Code, an Employee must report in writing any conflicts of interest to his/her supervisor. If conflicts of interest arise after the Employee has acknowledged compliance, the Employee must report the conflicts in writing to his/her supervisor, who will in turn disclose such conflicts to the CEO.

During business hours, Employees should devote their full time and attention to Pine Cliff and their assigned job duties. Unrelated outside activities, business, or secondary employment are not permitted during business hours.

No Employee of Pine Cliff should serve on the board of any corporation that it does not own or control or may be in competition with Pine Cliff without the written approval of Pine Cliff’s CEO. It is acceptable to serve on the board of a non-profit, charitable, religious, or civic organization without prior written approval, provided it does not interfere or impair the Employee’s ability to perform their duties at Pine Cliff.

To avoid potential conflicts of interest, it is against Pine Cliff’s policy for the Company to extend loans to officers or directors.

Confidential and Proprietary Information

Occasionally, Employees may know confidential information concerning Pine Cliff’s customers, suppliers, business contacts, other Employees, or technical operations. Employees must keep this information confidential during and after their employment with Pine Cliff. Personal information relating to Pine Cliff customers, suppliers, business contacts or other Employees must be treated in confidence.

Generally, any information stored by and/or processed by Pine Cliff is proprietary information. This confidential information includes computerized data, methods, techniques, and documentation relating to computing services, developed software, and third-party software.

Employees must be aware of their responsibilities regarding access to Pine Cliff’s computer services, and the access, use, and disclosure of confidential information. Confidential and proprietary information must be used for Pine Cliff’s purposes only, never for personal gain.

Accounting and Reporting

Honest and accurate documents are important resource materials during audits and other internal or external reviews. The Company’s production and accounting records are relied upon to produce reports for the Company’s management, shareholders, creditors, government agencies, and others. Our financial statements and the books and records upon which they are based must accurately reflect all corporate transactions and conform to all legal and accounting requirements and our system of internal controls.

All Employees must comply with Pine Cliff’s accounting and reporting procedures and ensure all books, records, accounts, and supporting papers are accurate and complete. Employees are forbidden to forge, falsify, or leave out important facts to mislead auditors or other internal or external reviewers intentionally on any business documents of Pine Cliff. Employees will not destroy or alter documents or records so as to hide the documents or Company actions.

Fair Dealing

Contractor and supplier relationships must be managed in a fair, equitable, and ethical manner consistent with this Code and all applicable laws and good business practices. Pine Cliff promotes competitive procurement to the maximum extent practical and evaluates every supplier’s products and services on the basis of technical excellence, quality, reliability, service, price, delivery, and other relevant objective factors. Pine Cliff prohibits Employees from making purchasing decisions on the basis of personal relationships, friendships, or the opportunity for personal financial gain other than token items such as lunches, dinners, or tickets to sporting events close to areas of employment.

Employees must respect the terms of supplier and contractor contracts and licensing agreements and safeguard all confidential information received from a contractor or supplier, including pricing, technology, or proprietary design information. This confidential information must not be disclosed to anyone outside Pine Cliff without the written permission of the supplier or contractor.

All contractors who exchange or receive personal information from Pine Cliff must have privacy policies and practices in compliance with applicable Canadian federal and provincial laws.

Compliance with Laws, Rules, and Regulations

The Company is strongly committed to conducting its business affairs with honesty and integrity and in full compliance with all laws, rules, and regulations, applicable to the Company’s business in the countries in which it operates. Each Employee must at all times respect and obey such laws, rules, and regulations, including insider trading laws, and should avoid any situation that could be perceived as improper, unethical, or indicate a casual attitude towards compliance with such laws, rules and regulations. Although all Employees are expected to know the details of these laws, it is important to know enough to determine when to seek advice from appropriate personnel. The Company provides all necessary information to its Employees to promote compliance with laws, rules and regulations, including insider-trading laws.

Compliance with Environmental Laws

The Company is dedicated to complying with all relevant environmental laws and regulations and requires Employee’s to comply with these laws and regulations as well. It is the duty of each Employee to report what he/she believes to be environmental violations to his/her supervisor, the CEO or our outside counsel.

Discrimination and Workplace Harassment

Employees are forbidden to discriminate against or harass other Employees. No Employee is permitted to act in a way that is considered or could be considered illegal or harassing. Discriminatory or harassing conduct, whether verbal, physical or visual, could include derogatory comments based on racial or ethnic characteristics and unwelcome sexual advancements.

It is the responsibility of each member of management to, as much as possible, be aware of any behavior or conduct that could be considered workplace harassment or discrimination. Management is also required to enforce these policies and immediately contact the CEO or a director regarding any situation that could be considered workplace harassment or discrimination.

It is the responsibility of each Employee to maintain a work environment free of discrimination and harassment and to report any situation that the Employee believes may be workplace harassment or discrimination to his/her supervisor, his/her department head, the CEO or a director.

Employment of Family Members

Pine Cliff allows an Employee’s and specifically a consultant’s (if more than 50 percent of the consultant’s time is charged to Pine Cliff) spouse, parents, children, and other family members to work for the Company, both during and after the Employee’s career with Pine Cliff, provided the employment is in Pine Cliff’s best interest. Such hiring must be approved by the CEO or a director if it is a family member of the CEO. All Pine Cliff hiring decisions will be made strictly on the basis of individual qualifications. To avoid the possibility or appearance of preferential treatment, Pine Cliff will not have one family member placed in a position of influence over another family member. Formal procedures must be in place for this type of reporting structure.

Health and Safety

The health and safety of our personnel and the safe operation of our facilities are principal objectives of Pine Cliff.  The Company is committed to providing safe and healthy places of employment and will follow operating practices that eliminate or minimize exposure to hazardous and unhealthy conditions. The success of our health and safety efforts depends on the cooperation, support, and active involvement of all Pine Cliff personnel. Each Employee is responsible for working safely, not only for him or herself, but also for co-workers, and complying with all safety rules and protocols at all times. Questions or concerns should immediately be reported to a supervisor or senior management.

The use, sale, possession, distribution, manufacture, and/or presence in the body of illegal drugs or inhalants, or the improper use of alcohol or prescription drugs by Employees is strictly forbidden while on Pine Cliff premises, in Pine Cliff vehicles, or while conducting Pine Cliff business on or off Pine Cliff premises. The use of any of these items in any environment is prohibited to the extent that it has a detrimental effect on job performance, safety, or efficiency while conducting Pine Cliff business on or off Pine Cliff premises, or while in Pine Cliff owned or leased vehicles.

The possession, use, or distribution of firearms, weapons, and explosives is prohibited while on Pine Cliff premises, while conducting Pine Cliff business or while in Pine Cliff vehicles on or off Pine Cliff premises, without prior written authorization by a Pine Cliff officer.

If evidence supports a reasonable suspicion of use, possession, or distribution of prohibited items, Pine Cliff reserves the right to conduct searches on Pine Cliff premises or in Pine Cliff owned or leased vehicles for such items.

Document Retention

Employees must comply with Pine Cliff department specific document retention guidelines to ensure that any applicable laws and regulations are met.  Each Employee should become familiar with and adhere to these guidelines.  Additionally, when litigation or an investigation is pending, Employees are prohibited from modifying or destroying relevant documents or records including Employee’s personal files and electronic records.  The consequences of modifying or destroying any relevant documents or records are severe and may include prosecution.  An Employee who has any doubt about the legality or propriety of modifying or destroying any document or record should contact his/her supervisor, the CEO, outside counsel, or a director before proceeding.

External Communications

From time to time, Employees may be contacted by government representatives or legal counsel representing other companies, government agencies, or individuals in connection with investigations that concern Pine Cliff, its businesses, clients, Employees or suppliers.  While Pine Cliff cooperates with all reasonable requests from government agencies and authorities, all requests for information other than what is provided on a routine basis should be reported to the CEO or to our outside counsel immediately. An Employee who is contacted should decline to respond and should refer the requester to the CEO or to our outside counsel. Likewise, if an Employee receives a subpoena or other request to testify or produce documents, a copy of the subpoena or request should be forwarded immediately to the CEO or to our outside counsel.

The CEO’s or outside counsel’s guidance should be received before responding to any request, and all responses must be coordinated through them. All information provided should be truthful and accurate. Employees must never mislead any investigator and must never modify or destroy documents or records in response to an investigation.

Expense Accounts

Employee expense accounts should be used only to reimburse Employees for items and activities that are purchased for Pine Cliff business.  Each Employee must submit an accurate expense report of the money spent for this purpose.

Use of Email, the Internet and Software

Pine Cliff’s technological resources are a Pine Cliff asset and should be used by Employees in pursuit of Pine Cliff’s business. While limited use of these resources for personal purposes is acceptable, Employees should not expect their use of these resources to be private or confidential, including their use of voice mail and email. Pine Cliff may access these technological resources at any time and may disclose the information it accesses to law enforcement or other third parties without prior consent of the sender or the recipient. Employees should take the same care in their electronic communications as they take when they communicate in person or by paper. Employees are forbidden from engaging in the following activities utilizing Pine Cliff’s technological resources:

• Sending email or other communications that masks the sender’s identity;
• Using another Employee’s password without permission to access any technological resources; or
• Sending or saving offensive material.

Any electronic communication of personal information must be in accordance with regulatory privacy policy. Electronic sources (laptop, desktop, computer disk, recordings) of personal information must be kept under security measures appropriate for the sensitivity of the information.

An Employee’s logon ID and password are intended for his/her use only. While Pine Cliff can require Employees to disclose passwords and security codes at Pine Cliff’s discretion, Employees should be selective and extremely cautious before disclosing their passwords or logon ID combinations to anyone else.

Pine Cliff does not allow its Employees to copy or distribute copyrighted material (for example: software, database files, articles, or graphics files) through Pine Cliff’s email system or by any other means without confirming in advance from appropriate sources that Pine Cliff has the right to copy or distribute the material. Employees are not permitted to install public software on Pine Cliff computers without the express written consent from their supervisor or senior management or discussions with other departments that may be affected.

Company Logo

The logos of Pine Cliff and its business units are considered property of Pine Cliff and must only be used for business purposes. Only the approved logos, which are available through the CEO, may be used, and approval must be obtained from the CEO or the Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”) prior to using any Pine Cliff logo.  Re-creation or alteration of Pine Cliff’s logos is not permitted.

Gifts and Entertainment

Reasonable gifts and entertainment are a part of normal business courtesy and are not prohibited. However, Employees should always use good judgment and discretion to avoid the appearance of impropriety or obligation. Pine Cliff Employees should be certain that any gifts given or received, or entertainment hosted or attended as a guest, do not violate the law, customary business practices, or this Code.

While Employees may exchange or accept gifts with their customers and suppliers as part of a normal business courtesy, no gifts, favors, or payments should be accepted which imparts a future obligation on the Employee or was given in an attempt to influence decisions regarding the business of Pine Cliff. Additionally, the value of the gifts exchanged should be reasonable, and the exchanges should occur infrequently.

Likewise, while Employees may be participants in entertainment with their customers and suppliers as hosts or guests in the normal course of a business relationship, Employees must not be participants when the entertainment is an attempt to influence decisions regarding the business of Pine Cliff or imparts a future obligation of the Employee.
Additionally, the value of the entertainment should be reasonable and the Employee’s participation should occur infrequently. Finally, Employees are prohibited from participating in inappropriate entertainment as either a guest or a host. An Employee who has any doubt about the propriety of a gift or entertainment should contact his/her supervisor, senior management, or our outside counsel before exchanging the gift or participating in the proposed activity.
Generally, any gift with a value over $400 must be disclosed in writing to the manager of your department. If, given the circumstances, the gift is determined to be inappropriate, your manager may require the gift be returned to the originator. Gifts and entertainment in excess of $400 may be accepted, if approved in advance by the CEO.

Obtaining and Using Competitor Information

While information about our competitors, customers, and suppliers is a valuable asset, the law and our standards of appropriate business conduct require that our Employees obtain this information legally. It is not unusual to obtain information about other organizations, including our competitors, through legal and ethical means such as public documents, public presentations, journal and magazine articles, and other published and spoken information. However, Employees are prohibited from obtaining proprietary or confidential information about our competitors, customers, or suppliers through illegal means, or from using any proprietary or confidential information acquired during a prior employment relationship. It is also not acceptable to use or seek to acquire proprietary or confidential information when doing so would require anyone to violate a contractual agreement, such as a confidentiality agreement with a prior employer. Employees are prohibited from taking any improper actions to gain information about our competitors, customers, and suppliers.

Political Contributions

Only Pine Cliff’s CEO may authorize the use of Pine Cliff’s resources to support political activities. Employees must not use Pine Cliff’s money, credit, property, or services for political activities. Outside of Pine Cliff’s business hours, Employees may participate in any political activities of their choice, but Pine Cliff will not support or reimburse Employees financially.

Community Involvement

Pine Cliff directly and through its Employees contributes to the general well-being and improvement of towns, cities, and regions where it has operations. Pine Cliff provides support to worthwhile community programs in areas such as social welfare, health, education, and arts and culture to promote the development of positive relationships in the areas where the Company has business interests. Pine Cliff also encourages the recruitment of qualified local personnel where practical. While Pine Cliff encourages Employees to participate in charitable organizations and other community activities of their choice, these outside activities should not materially interfere with job duties. All Pine Cliff’s community involvement and requests for contributions must go through the CEO.

When a new project or business issue affects a local community, the Employee should seek the guidance of senior management to help facilitate communications with the affected community. Senior management will serve as support, proactively building and maintaining relationships with local communities as project development occurs by direct contact or through associations. This will include developing a consistent platform to help educate landowners and communities about Pine Cliff’s operations and safety programs.

Reporting Violations

This Code and other Pine Cliff policies provide general information for seeking guidance or reporting violations of this Code to supervisors, department heads, senior management or outside counsel. For more serious breaches of this Code, or if you have not received a satisfactory response, the Company has adopted a Whistle Blower Policy, that is available on the Company’s website for procedures regarding submission of matters through a confidential anonymous

Compliance Procedures

This Code is not intended to address all of the situations that you may encounter. There will be occasions where you are confronted by circumstances not covered by this Code and where you must make a judgment as to the appropriate course of action. In those circumstances you are encouraged to use common sense, and to contact either his/her supervisor, senior management, a director, or our outside counsel immediately.

Employees may face disciplinary action, up to and including discharge from the Company, if they: violate this Code; encourage or help other Employees to violate this Code; condone other Employees who violate this Code; fail to report a Code violation; retaliate against any Employee who reports a Code violation in good faith; report a false breach of this Code; or fail as officer, director, manager, or supervisor to take appropriate steps to ensure compliance with this Code.

The Board is responsible for monitoring compliance with this Code. Employees must work honestly and in good faith. Employment with the Company depends on an Employees ability and willingness to comply with this Code. Adherence to these standards carries the highest priority. All Employees are required to acknowledge compliance when they are hired and again on an annual basis if requested by management to do so.